Adult Attachment Scale 成人依恋量表(Fraley等,2000)

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简介

依恋理论被越来越多的研究人员用来调查成人心理动力,例如,利用这个理论来研究密切关系随着时间变化的连续性。然而,成人依恋的心理测量仍然存在不足之处,自测式的成人依恋通常以可能导致关于重要理论问题的错误推断的方式计分,例如依恋安全性的连续程度和不安全依恋模式的差异稳定性。为了确定现有的依恋测量量表是否存在缩放问题,Fraley等(2000)对4个常用的自测式量表进行了项目响应理论(IRT)分析:亲密关系经验量表(Experiences in Close Relationships Scales)、成人依恋量表(Adult Attachment Scales)、关系风格问卷(Relationship Styles Questionnaire)和依恋量表(Attachment Scales)。Fraley等(2000)展示了IRT技术如何用于开发具有所需心理测量属性的新成人依恋量表。

信度与效度

本研究中使用的数据最初由Brennan及其同事收集(Brennan等,1998),该样本包含来自奥斯汀得克萨斯大学的1,085名本科生(682名女性,403名男性)。

量表

请您根据自己的实际感受和体会,对下面36项描述进行评价和判断,并在最符合的数字上划○。评价和判断的标准如下: 1 (strongly disagree) to 7(strongly agree)

1.I'm afraid that I will lose my partner's love.
2.I often worry that my partner will not want to stay with me.
3.I often worry that my partner doesn't really love me.
4.I worry that romantic partners won't care about me as much as I care about them.
5.I often wish that my panaer's feelings for me were as strong as my feelings for him or her.
6.I worry a lot about my relationships.
7.When my partner is out of sight, I worry that he or she might become interested in someone else.
8.When I show my feelings for romantic partners, I'm afraid they will not feel the 'same about me.
9.I rarely worry about my partner leaving me.
10.My romantic partner makes me doubt myself.
11.I do not often worry about being abandoned.
12.I find that my partner(s) don't want to get as close as I would like.
13.Sometimes romantic partners change their feelings about me for no apparent reason.
14.My desire to be very close sometimes scares people away.
15.I'm afraid that once a romantic partner gets to know me, he or she won't like who I really am.
16.It makes me mad that I don't get the affection and support I need from my partner.
17.I worry that I won't measure up to other people.
18.My partner only seems to notice me when I'm angry.
19.I prefer not to show a partner how I feel deep down.
20.I feel comfortable sharing my private thoughts and feelings with my partner.
21.I find it difficult to allow myself to depend on romantic partners.
22.I am very comfortable being close to romantic partners.
23.I don't feel comfortable opening up to romantic partners.
24.I prefer not to be toa close to romantic partners.
25.I get uncomfortable when a romantic partner wants to be very close.
26.I find it relatively easy to get close to my partner.
27.It's not difficult for me to get close to my parmer.
28.I usually discuss my problems and concerns with my partner.
29.It helps to turn to my romantic partner in times of need.
30.I tell my partner just about everything.
31.I talk things over with my partner.
32.I am nervous when partners get too close to me.
33.I feel comfortable depending on romantic partners.
34.I find it easy to depend on romantic partners.
35.It's easy for me to be affectionate with my partner.
36.My partner really understands me and my needs.

计分方法

成年依恋量表包括依恋焦虑和依恋回避两个分量表,共36道题,可以计算各个量表所包含题目的总分和平均分。

依恋焦虑量表:共18道题,包括1-18题。
依恋回避量表:共18道题,包括19-36题。

量表出处

Fraley, R. C., Waller, N. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). An Item Response Theory Analysis of Self-Report Measures of Adult Attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(2), 350-365.

参考文献

Brennan, K. A., Clark, C. L., & Shaver, P. R. (1998). Self-report measurement of adult attachment: An integrative overview. In J. A. SimpsonW. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp.46-76). New York: Guilford Press.

友情提醒

为方便学术研究,根据公开发表的学术成果整理而成,供学者在学术研究中使用, 商业使用请与原作者联系。为了尊重作者的劳动成果, 请根据量表出处规范引用,谢谢!